首頁     |     本院概況     |     檢察要聞     |     檢察風采     |     隊伍建設     |     以案說法     |     犯罪預防     |     檢務公開     |     案件信息公開

 

當前位置:首頁>>犯罪預防
赴汾陽警示教育基地學習之思考
時間:2015-07-28  作者:王小艷  新聞來源:  【字號: | |
  

警示教育是預防職務犯罪的一種特殊教育方式,檢察機關利用自身查辦案件的優勢,選擇典型案例、剖析發案原因和危害、警示教育黨員干部,是從源頭上預防腐敗的重要途徑,關口前移,變被動為主動。警示教育基地是開展職務犯罪預防法制宣傳的重要平臺,其重要性不容忽視。

  6月底,我院組織80多名涉農干部和鄉、村干部赴汾陽監獄和賈家莊警示教育基地學習。此次學習為期一天,雖然短暫但圓滿完成。網絡信息時代給檢察工作提供了方便,在新媒體環境下,警示教育基地利用各種媒介資源,重視正面引導和反面警示,形成圖片、視頻的警示攻勢。分析、評判社會傾向,傳遞社會正能量。這次警示教育學習雖然結束,但有幾點值得我們思考。

  首先,根據我縣實際談談這次學習的必要性。

  1、鄉、村干部貪污賄賂職務犯罪不容樂觀。

  據統計,2011年—2014年底,我院查辦貪污、賄賂等職務犯罪案件總數為2130人,其中,鄉、鎮干部(包括主任、支書、會計等)涉農職務犯罪案件815人。分別占總數的38%50%,而梁家莊、社科鄉連續幾任鄉、村干部都存在違法、違紀行為,這兩個鄉明顯已成為腐敗重災區,這種腐敗的歪風邪氣根深蒂固,群眾已經麻木,自己合法權益受到損害也不聞不問,喪失維權意識,如果不加以管理,任其發展,后果不堪設想。不僅國家利益受損,群眾利益得不到保障;更嚴重的是政府公信力下降,法律的嚴肅性和權威性受到質疑和挑戰。一個社會什么都不可怕,最怕的就是魯迅筆下那種對“舊、惡勢力”的麻木。因此,改善鄉、村政治環境、警示鄉、村干部、維護鄉、村人民利益顯的尤為重要。

  2、鄉、村財務管理制度不完善,權力監督流于形式。

  為了彌補制度的漏洞,增強鄉、村干部的法律和服務意識,警示教育勢在必行。 一個制度再完美、嚴謹,只要是由人來操作,那么就會有漏洞,俗話說“無利不起早”,在利益面前需要過硬的素養和修為才能抵制誘惑,需要強有力的監督才能約束不法行為,而現實情況是鄉、村干部素質不高、法律意識淡薄,貪腐欲望膨脹,監督又流于形式,權力失去監督必然導致犯罪。

  我縣鄉、村實行村賬鄉管制度,要求監督職責的上級鄉鎮站所經常對村級財務狀況審核監督,但實際執行過程中,鄉級財政站因政務繁忙或礙于情面,對村里的財務監督流于形式,不進行實質性審查,形成“真空地帶”,各個村更是采取變通措施逃避監督,主要表現為:(1)套取國家涉農惠農領域專項資金補貼款(包括退耕還林款、國家糧食直補資金、醫保補助資金)。在我院查處的幾起職務犯罪中,存在村報賬員虛設、村委主任一人說了算或者村委主任、村支書、報賬員合謀的現象,因此,多報、謊報耕地、地上附著物數量;冒領、多領國家補償款就成為我縣涉農干部貪污的主要手段和途徑。(2)村集體私設“小金庫”。鄉鎮站所設立一名會計統一管理所有村的賬目,由于他不參與每個村的管理,不了解每個村的實際情況,因此只能根據村報賬員上報的賬目進行監督,這就為村級財產出租、承包、轉讓收入等不入賬提供了便利。

  其次,結合當前反腐形勢談談這次學習的現實意義。

  1、是推動基層黨風廉政建設和反腐敗斗爭深入和落實的現實需要。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

  基層黨風廉政建設事關黨和政府在群眾中的形象,關乎執政基礎和立黨之本。在新的發展背景下,抓好基層黨風廉政建設具有重要現實價值和長遠意義。

  46,中紀委網站發布題為“永遠在路上,只有進行時”的文章,文章指出“我們黨必須堅持有腐必反,有貪必肅,老虎蒼蠅一起打,以零容忍態度懲治腐敗,當前目標任務是把責任落實到各個領域、各級組織,不能像深深的海洋,上面九級風浪,下面紋絲不動,要在落實上狠下工夫,務求實效。”

  基層各級領導班子官本位思想依然嚴重,“正衣冠、照鏡子、拍灰塵”流于形式,不能端正態度,改變思想,與上級脫節嚴重,導致整個大環境、氛圍依然沒有改變。因此,反腐敗不應該只是中紀委的獨角戲,而應該是地方各級黨政與紀委、部門及相關司法機關的協奏,是全民的交響樂,全國上下協同,反腐才能取得徹底勝利。

  基層是最貼近人民群眾的地方,自上而下開展的反腐敗斗爭,最后都要落腳到基層,此次警示活動教育的對象是基層鄉、村干部,等于是把反腐敗工作深入開展、落實到了最需要的地方,這才是反腐敗的真諦所在。否則,人民群眾的問題沒有得到解決,即使工作再有新意,那也是徒勞。

  2、對我縣黨員干部構筑拒腐防變的思想防線具有重要意義。

  “以人為鏡,可以知得失”活生生的事例,引人警醒,促人反思。通過此次學習,警示我們各級干部:一要注重學習,不斷加強世界觀的改進,樹立正確的世界觀、人生觀和價值觀,做到面對功名利祿心不動,燈紅酒綠眼不迷,不義之財手不伸,污泥濁水身不沾,真正筑實防腐、防貪、防變的思想防線。二要廉潔自律,牢記全心全意為人民服務的宗旨,自重、自省、自警、自律,“常思貪欲之害,常棄非分之想,常懷律己之心,常修從政之德”,切記不仁之事不為,不義之財不取,不正之風不染,不潔之事不干。

  最后,此次警示教育取得的效果。

  警示教育質量和效果怎么樣,最根本的是要看預防對象通過一天在監獄和賈家莊教育基地的學習,在思想上是否得到提高,存在的問題是否得到有效整改,鄉、村防范措施是否得到加強。

  由于我們此次學習的人員多,而每個人的背景、素質、性格、態度更是千差萬別;被預防者的復雜性,導致溝通了解和施加有針對性的影響十分困難。因此,預防效果不可能立竿見影,雖不能立竿見影但也是初見成效。鄉、村干部通過監獄參觀和學習,心靈受到震撼,那種失去自由的禁錮,不是他們能夠承受的,警示教育基地新媒體視頻、圖片展中正面人物的榜樣作用更是讓他們受益匪淺。

  預防工作永遠在路上,需要我們長期、多次的警示教育學習和不懈的努力、堅持。

 檢務公開
檢務公開-本院介紹 檢務公開-領導介紹
檢務公開-聯系方式 檢務公開-機構職能
 視頻資料
視頻資料
新浪二維碼 騰訊二維碼
新浪微博 騰訊微博
版權所有 呂梁市嵐縣人民檢察院
地址:電話
技術支持:正義網
工信部ICP備案號:京10217144號-1
天津快乐10分钟一定牛